Maruf Kandahar Black Selection Standard


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Maruf, Kandahar (Farm #2). Latitude: 31 39’N 65 11’E. Altitude: 1000-1200 meters.

As of August, the domesticated cannabis crops at Maruf, Kandhar had already started to transition into the flowering phase, a few early flowering males could be seen peeking from in between the crops while the females were only beginning to stretch out the internodes and new shoots to accommodate the buds.

Some of the characteristics changes observed in the Maruf (Kandahar) populations as they transition out of the vegetative state includes the development of red colour on the petioles and stems (in a considerable chunk of the population) with the onset of the flowering.

The plants grow in an calcareous alluvial like mix of clay and sand and silt which consists of a higher percentage of sand compared to the alluvial mix commonly observed in the north western Himalayan (India/Nepal) foothills.

The farmer (Haji Agha Khan) who owns this particular farm documented here, employs a variety of selection criterion to narrow down a few different types of plants that they believe makes for the best Hashish. Their selection process is quite opposite to what most farmers do, since they make their selections in terms of males which will be left in the field to make the seeds with any female at random, as they very meticulously uproot all the nonselections before the females begin to produce viable stigma to catch the pollen.

As per the farmer who owns this farm, he brought these seeds from Andrabi District (North East Afghanistan) 15 years ago and have been since propagating and selecting specifically for plants that grow very tall and robust reaching as high as 12-14 ft. with certain plants also expressing purple, black leaves. The farm is enclosed by an apple orchard from all sides and receives organic inputs to fertilize the crops. The farmer does his selections from the male side, by leaving approximately 5 males for every 100 females present in the field for pollination. The males are selected primarily in terms of robustness and vigour but a colourful and large cluster also increases the likelihood of that male being selected for the pollination, if we look at it from the farmer’s point of view.

The unprecedented cold wave that ran through the central Asian region caused widespread damages to various crops due to a sudden drop in the temperature at least 30 days ahead of the usual time, tons of cannabis crops got decimated overnight in these regions as they froze over and died instantly from a cold shock ambush by the nature.

The cannabis populations in the fields of the farmer Haji Agha proved out to be much more resilient in comparison to many other we witnessed on our journey, but also being located at a lower altitude in comparison to some of the other regions like Mapan in Zabul province helped tremendously in mitigating a severe and unprecedented cold wave.

As mentioned by the farmer during August (first half of the tour), all of his main crop had attained a height of over 12 ft. on avg. and a very good proportion of his crop, also expressed deep purple hues that appear almost black, several of these extraordinary specimens survived the cold wave with little to no damage. Most of the plants featured high yields and girthy colas that primarily reeked of musky, earthy phenol like smells with a lot of subtle notes varying from one plant to the another such as floral sweetness or nutty/roasted almond or pistachios like smell.

ILE team selected a Black, Green and a Red Kandahar phenotype that in our opinion represented the truest and the rawest form of this supreme landrace variety.

After going through a number of different plants we selected a few robust and meaningful individuals from a pretty large sample size as this in Maruf, which provides access to an exclusive gene pool, where smells tend to revolve around an offensive-foul olfactory tangent.


Kandahar Black Selection from Maruf (Kandahar) and of the fields of Haji Agha. This is perhaps one of the best specimens, along with all of the other crown jewels catalogued during this project from various provinces. Our Black selection features a completely black embodiment from the leaves to the very flowers. It also expresses a very desirable bract to leaf ratio with big yields of dense resin coated buds that can take a beating in the harsh outdoors of Southern Afghanistan.

The aromas on this plant are built around the common elements of smell found in this population which are on a completely non-sweet tangent and represents smells which are basically a complex mix of earthy, spicy, acrid and sharp phenol-based smells. The beautifully etched buds on a robust structure, which are both dense and covered in copious resin at the same time..

There were several other completely Black individuals with exceptional qualities as such but none more desirable than this one right here in all its glory, encompassing all of the best features in a single plant.

Additional Information

Additional Information

Format Standard
Sativa / Indica ratio 100 % indica
Flowering indoors 9-10 weeks
Flowering outdoors October
Yield Average-High
Resistance against spider mites Average-High
Resistance against powder mildew Average
Resistance against botrytis Average
Resistance against white fly Average-High
Resistance against cold High
Resistance against heat High
Latitude 0º-45º
Genetics Black selection first generation pure indica landrace from Maruf, Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Structure Tall, vigorous and robust indica plants reaching as high as 12-14 ft. The beautifully etched buds on a robust compact structure of good branching.
Bouquet The aromas on this plant are built around the common elements of smell found in this population which are on a completely non-sweet tangent and represents smells which are basically a complex mix of earthy, spicy, acrid and sharp phenol-based smells.
High Strong sedative effect.
Terpene profile It has not yet been analyzed.
Growing Tips Especially recommended for outdoor growing in hot and dry climates due to its excellent adaptability to heat and drought in its place of origin. It withstands without problem the cold during flowering and strong temperature variations throughout its development. It can easily be grown indoors too.

We recommend moderate levels of nutrients for the whole cycle, slightly higher in NPK in the first two thirds of the flowering period.

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